Table of Contents
Where can you get thistle?
Thistle Needles can be found in various parts of the backyard. The best place to find them is in Spade Gulch, but you can also find them near the giant oak tree and south of the Mysterious Machine.
Can I grow thistle in my garden?
Echinops such as the blue globe thistle Echinops bannaticus can be excellent choices for garden plants. They will do best in a well-drained soil in full sun but will tolerate most soils in full sun, or light shade.
How long does it take to grow a thistle?
The seeds of scotch thistles can be sown in either autumn or after the last frost of spring. They should be sown at a depth of 3 mm (1/8th inch). What is this? If started to be grown indoors first, then Cirsium takes about two to three weeks to germinate at a temperature of 21 to 24 degrees Centigrade (70 to 75°F).
Is thistle good for anything?
Beyond its use as a water source, thistle is well known for its ability to treat swelling of joints and tendons. I was pretty impressed by reading a paper by the American Herbalists Guild that describes its use for joint issues, such as rheumatoid arthritis, especially in children.
Which thistle is the Scottish thistle?
Chosen by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) as the emblem for George IV's visit to Scotland in 1822, it has been accepted as a national emblem. The most likely candidate for the true Scotch thistle is the native spear thistle Cirsium vulgare - abundant in Scotland and very similar to the depictions on early Scottish coins.
Is thistle a perennial or an annual?
All thistles addressed in this guide are annual to biennial in growth form. They reproduce solely by seed and are prolific seed producers. The seed remains viable in the soil for many years. At maturity, these spiny weeds have basal rosettes, purplish disk flowers, and flowering stems that are highly branched.
How do you grow thistle for birds?
In Africa, the black thistle seeds are grown in poor soil conditions that often suffer from extensive runoff and erosion. Mix 50 percent peat moss with 50 percent garden soil. Smooth the seed bed, and remove all weeds. Sprinkle the seeds onto the ground and lightly cover them with 1/2 inch of soil.
Are thistles poisonous to humans?
All thistles in the genus Cirsium, and the genus Carduus, are edible. Or said another way, there is no poisonous true thistle, but not all of them are palatable. In the second year plant the inner core of the flower stalks is quite tasty and not that much work.
Do thistles come back every year?
This perennial plant spreads and resprouts easily from even tiny sections of its fleshy roots, and dies back reluctantly only after persistent deadheading of the flowers and herbicide treatments. Though most thistles are biennial, Canada thistle is perennial and widespread in USDA hardiness zones 2 through 8.
When should I plant thistle seeds?
Milk Thistle - Key Growing Information
SOWING: Direct seed (recommended): Sow seeds in early spring or late fall, about 4 seeds per foot. Seed requires light to germinate, so cover very lightly with soil. The final spacing for the plants should be 24-36" in rows 3' apart as they grow quickly to a large size.
Can you grow a thistle indoors?
When growing milk thistle for herbal or medicinal purposes, many gardeners will plant them indoors. This also helps prevent the plant from taking over the entire garden. The milk thistle's seeds can be planted in seed trays filled with potting soil, and then covered with a light layer of soil.
Can you grow thistles from a cutting?
You may also take 2- to 3-inch (5-7.5 cm.) root cuttings in spring to start new plants. Plant basal or root cuttings in loosened soil that is moderately acidic for best results. Water the young plants twice per week for a month and then gradually reduce supplemental watering as they establish.
How long do thistles last?
Creeping thistle seed can remain viable buried in undisturbed soil for over 20 years. However, seed may persist for a much shorter period in cultivated soil or near the soil surface.
How do you get thistles in the ground?
How to Get Thistle Needles. To get Thistle Needles from the plants you need an axe. You'll have likely picked one up already but if not head over to this guide. Hit the plants with an axe and Thistle Needles will be automatically added to your inventory.
What animals eat thistles?
Thistles are very good feed with 22-24 percent protein, and cattle will readily eat it once they start. We pour molasses on our thistles to encourage our cattle to eat them, and it works.
What part of a thistle is edible?
In addition to the root, the stems are edible, when peeled. However, the thistle contains inulin, which gives some people digestive issues.
Are thistles good for bees?
The creeping thistle is especially abundant, and attracts many species of bumble bees and solitary species, moths, flies and beetles.
Is milk thistle and Scottish thistle the same?
Yes. Milk thistle or silybum marianum, is a fall foraging plant with many nicknames. This edible weed is also known as: Scotch Thistle.
What is a Scottish thistle look like?
The common badge worn over the left breast by the knights is a cross surmounted by a star of four silver points, and over this a green circle bordered and lettered with gold, containing the motto “Nemo me impune lacessit”, “No-one harms me without punishment” but more commonly translated in Scots as “Wha daurs meddle
What does a gift of a thistle mean?
Like its rough exterior, the meaning of the flower is associated with aggressiveness, pain, protection and pride. Since thistle is defined as both a flower and a weed, the exact inference of the bloom can extend from less positive symbolism such as poverty and weakness all the way to qualities of might and brilliance.
Do thistle plants spread?
Biennial thistles spread only by seed (achenes) that are produced in great number by all the noxious species, ranging from 8,400 seeds per plant with plumeless thistle to 120,000 seeds per plant from musk thistle. Biennial thistle seed generally germinates in the summer and fall, and the plant overwinters as a rosette.
Are thistles an invasive plant?
It grows throughout North America, and is considered an invasive species in pastures and forestland. However, bull thistle mostly grows where soil has been disturbed, either along roadsides, or in overgrazed pastures.
How do you grow wild thistle?
Starting Globe Thistle Seeds Outdoors
Outdoors, once soil temperatures have warmed, start globe thistle seeds after the last frost. Choose a growing location with full sun exposure and fast-draining soil. Work the bed to break up any clumps and remove any rocks or sticks from the soil.
Is niger the same as thistle?
Nyjer is a small, thin, black seed from the African yellow daisy (Guizotia abyssinica). Though it is not related to the thistle plant, Nyjer is often referred to casually as "thistle seed." High in oil, it is a nutritious source of energy for backyard birds and is one of the most popular types of birdseed.
Why do birds not like thistle seeds?
Nancy Castillo, co-owner of the Wild Birds Unlimited store in Saratoga Springs, New York, and author of the blog Zen Birdfeeder, points out that Nyjer contains natural high-calorie oils that attract finches. When the oils dry out, the seed loses both its food value and its flavor, and birds shun it.
Do birds spread thistle seed?
It is not a thistle at all, but rather Niger Plant (Guizotia abyssinica). It is believed "thistle" was used in early marketing to take advantage of the Goldfinches' preference for thistle seeds.
Thistle: Don't Blame the Bird Seed.
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What does thistle smell like?
Globe thistles smell like dog or cat poo. Florists do use these blooms in arrangements—after washing off any pollen that's present. Apparently that's the smelly component. Or simply pick flowers before pollen appears.
Do thistles sting?
If touched, these needle-like hairs inject the stinging acid into the skin, triggering a burning, tingling sensation and an itchy rash.
How do you use thistle?
Some people apply milk thistle directly to the skin for skin damage caused by radiation. In foods, milk thistle leaves and flowers are eaten as a vegetable for salads and a substitute for spinach. The seeds are roasted for use as a coffee substitute.
What kind of soil do thistles like?
Thistle Identification and Basics
Thistles closely resemble dandelions, but with prickers. When treating a thistle infestation it helps to understand a few things about their biology. One, they like poor, dry, hard soil - places where few other plants thrive - and full sun.
When should I cut my thistle?
Timing of cutting is crucial. This should take place just before the flower bud turns purple, as this is when the maximum reserves from the thistle roots are being used to produce seed. This old saying often proves true: 'Cut a thistle in June, it's a month too soon; Cut a thistle in July it will surely die.
What time of year do thistles flower?
Appearance. Spreading roots mean that the thistles form large clumps of spiny leaves and flowering stems ranging from 30cm-1m (1ft-3¼ft) in height on mainly grassland. Dark pinky-purple flowers typical of the thistle family are borne July to September.
How do I start thistle from seed?
Sow seeds on top of the soil, barely covering seeds but pressing firmly onto the soil surface, as light aids germination. Globe Thistle may also be started indoors 8 weeks before transplanting out after the threat of spring frost has passed. Provide even moisture, strong light and air circulation.
How do you propagate thistle?
Is thistle seed good for birds?
Birds That Eat Thistle Seed
They have a good mix of protein, fat and fiber, so they're a good high-calorie option for winter birds. Bonus! Bully birds like grackles, starlings and blackbirds tend to leave nyjer seed alone. Make sure the seed stays dry, and replace uneaten food every few weeks.
Where can I buy milk thistle plant?
Milk thistle is native to Europe and was introduced into North America by early colonists. Milk thistle is found throughout the eastern United States, California, South America, Africa, Australia, and Asia.
Does milk thistle attract butterflies?
Milkweed and milk thistle are both attractive plants to wildlife. Both are considered nectar plants for butterflies and many different butterfly species can be found feeding from the flower heads of these two plants.