What Are The Different Varieties Of Pecans

Pecan Tree Identification Chart

What is the best tasting variety of pecan?

The Elliot variety is one of the most flavorful pecans and a favorite with Georgia Pecan Growers. Elliot pecans produce an oilier meat than other varieties which give it the rich flavor.

What are the three types of pecans?

Even with more than 500 variations, the majority of pecan production comes from just a handful of varieties. The most popular are: Stuart, Desirable, Moreland, Cape Fear and natives (wild seedling types).

What is the sweetest pecan?

Pawnee Pecans

Pawnee pecans are very large (Pawnees have a nut count of around 52 nuts per pound) and very sweet.

How many pecan varieties are there?

There are more than 500 named pecan varieties, but just a handful are widely planted in the United States.

What are desirable pecans?

'Desirable' is a well-known cultivar which sets the standard for quality in the Southeast. Large, well-filled nuts produce excellent kernels and bring top price on the market. It is an excellent sheller producing many mammoth halves.

Why are some pecans darker than others?

How do we know that our light pecans are of the highest quality? They are a perfect golden color or light brown. Pecans that are darker shades than this tend to be more bitter and sometimes even rancid. Rancidity and the darkening of the pecan kernel are the result of oxidation.

What is a Burkett pecan?

Round-shaped nut similar to a large hickory nut, consistent bearer. Flecking on seed coat reduces kernel grade. High percent kernel.

What are Pawnee pecans?

Pawnee pecans are a medium sized pecan variety that are harvested early in the season. Pawnees are usually harvested from the end of September through the beginning of October. These delicious pecans have a nut count of around 52 nuts per pound.

How do you tell the difference between a male and female pecan tree?

Pecan trees are monoecious. This means that they produce separate male and female flowers on the same plant. Male flowers are located on 4-5 inch long catkins, while female flowers are small, yellowish-green, and grow on spikes at the tips of shoots.

Are Texas pecans good?

Choctaw: Large and sweet with a crunchy finish, these meaty nuts are excellent for baking and snacking, and as chopped garnishes. Oconee: Coveted for its full flavor, large size, and overall quality, this Central Texas favorite is a good all-purpose pecan.

How big are desirable pecans?

They are large nuts with a light golden color. It has been favored for home owners and orchards. The shell is medium to soft. It will produce between 6-7 years.

Desirable Pecan Trees.

Tree Type Choose an option Bareroot
Size Choose an option 1 - 2 feet 2 - 3 feet 3 - 4 feet 4 - 5 feet 5 - 6 feet 6 - 7 feet 7 - 8 feet 8 feet + Clear

What is the pecan Capital of the World?

San Saba Texas | Welcome to the Pecan Capital of the World.

What kind of pecan tree are the paper shell?

PAWNEE PECAN Tree The tree produces a large nut that has a medium soft papershell, roughly 40 percent kernel ratio.

How old must a pecan tree before it produces?

Trees will begin producing a few nuts three to four years after planting. Significant production can be achieved in six to eight years. Good production will begin the ninth or tenth year. Trees can be productive for a 100 years or longer.

Does a pecan tree need a pollinator?

Pecan trees are wind-pollinated; therefore, pollinators (i.e., bees) are not required to complete pollination. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. Self-pollination can reduce nut quality and greatly reduce crop yield by as much as 75 percent.

Why are some pecans extremely bitter?

Pecans have two sources of bitterness -- naturally occurring tannins in the kernel and pieces of corky material from the inside of the nut which can adhere to the kernel. Some of the tannin and all of the corky material can be removed by washing the kernels before cooking.

Why are my pecans black inside?

Answer: Black pecan kernels are caused by stink bugs. While the pecans are small with soft shells, stinkbugs penetrate the shell and inject a chemical into the pecan which causes the pecan to decompose in that area. The stinkbug then sucks the nutrients out of the pecan.

Are Pawnee pecans good?

'Pawnee' produces a high-quality nut of medium to large size (55.9 nuts/lb.). Percent kernel has been good and stable, with only one year falling below 50%. 'Pawnee' produces a light colored kernel with excellent quality.

Can you have just one pecan tree?

Pecan trees are native to the United States, where they thrive in southern locations with long growing seasons. Just one tree will produce plenty of nuts for a large family and provide deep shade that will make hot, southern summers a little more bearable.

Can you eat Pawnee pecans?

These Pawnee pecans are absolutely the BEST Texas grown pecans ever! They are delicious and addicting. Many of my neighbors and relatives are enjoying this delicious pecan.

What are the stringy things on pecan trees?

My wife and I call them "tassels," but the correct term for these annual visitors from our pecan tree each late-May to early-June is catkins. They're beautiful. Really, they are. Small dangling instances that one day will find their own way into pies, pralines, and brownies through that buttery nut called the pecan.

How close do pecan trees need to be to pollinate?

Research has shown that pecan trees need a pollinator within 150 feet. This is why we often recommend placing a pollinator at every 5th tree on every 5th row if you prefer planting a solid block of one cultivar.

Can you transplant pecan tree?

Proper transplanting technique is critical to ensure survival of transplanted bare-root pecan trees. The trees should be vigorous and free from pests. If the roots are dry when the trees arrive, reject the shipment and notify the nursery immediately.

Is 2021 a good year for pecans?

With China re-entering the market and growers shipping more pecans to China and South Korea, farmgate pecan prices have held up well. West Texas, New Mexico and Arizona are expected to produce a good crop this year, but Georgia and Alabama will see reduced production this year.

How do I know what kind of pecans I have?

Kernel Characteristics

The appearance of kernels is useful in pecan variety identification. The surface texture of the kernels, the depth and width of ventral and dorsal grooves, along with the apex-end and basal-end shapes are genetically-controlled distinguishing features.

What county in Texas produces the most pecans?

San Saba County used to produce the most pecans and the most varieties of improved pecans (or cultivars) in Texas—and the nation—although it has been years since the so-called Pecan Capital of the World could make that claim. Still, San Saba is devoted to the pecan.

What is the best pecan tree for Texas?

Wichita is the most productive pecan grown in Texas and is ideally adapted to central and west Texas. Although it has serious scab problems in the humid areas and freeze problems in the far north, the tree is very vigorous, productive and begins to bear in only 5 to 7 years.

Posted in FAQ