How To Manage Watermelon Pests and Diseases?
How do you protect watermelons from critters?
What can you spray on watermelons?
Soap solutions are an all-purpose way to get rid of numerous types of garden pests, including aphids on watermelon plants. Mix 1 tablespoon of liquid castille soap in 1 gallon of water, shake it well and spray all leaf surfaces, including the undersides of the leaves.
Can you spray neem oil on watermelon?
As the powdery mildew moves through the plant, leaves brown and die, leaving fruits to sunburn and weakening plants. Neem oil is an excellent treatment, but increasing air circulation around your watermelon plant by pruning can be equally effective.
How do you keep raccoons away from watermelons?
Fences for Raccoons
The best way to keep raccoons out of the corn patch—or melons, tomatoes, and anything else that is ripe and tasty—is to exclude them from the area. Fencing works well, although raccoons are excellent climbers.
How do you protect a watermelon farm?
Coolong stresses that the best way to protect vines is to turn them back in drive rows. Watermelon fields are set up in several groups of five or six beds that are divided by larger drive rows, which make the vines accessible by farm equipment.
What pest eats watermelon?
Melon aphids are sucking pests of watermelons that display soft, pear-shaped, wingless bodies. They are most active during warm weather. Their feeding may distort and curl the plant's leaves and introduce viruses.
What is the best fertilizer for watermelon?
When fertilizing watermelon plants, use nitrogen based fertilizer at the onset. Once the plant begins flowering, however, switch to feeding the watermelon a phosphorus and potassium based fertilizer. Watermelons require ample potassium and phosphorus for optimal melon production.
What bugs get on watermelon plants?
Why are my baby watermelons turning black and dying?
Anthracnose, a disease that first affects the foliage of the watermelon vine, eventually advances to the fruit; young fruits turn black, shrivel and die, while older fruits develop circular lesions 1/4 to 2 1/2-inches in diameter that progressively turn dark green to black and ooze.
How do I keep ants off my watermelon plants?
One is to mix equal amounts of borax and sugar and place this around the base of the plant. The mixture will kill any ant that eats it. Cornmeal and sugar are also a good mixture to try. The cornmeal will expand after it is eaten and will also kill the ants.
What eats watermelon in the garden?
Raccoons and deer also like watermelons, particularly as the fruit becomes ripe. Damage inflicted by these animals usually is less extensive than the handiwork of coyotes. They may make holes in the rind and scoop or chew some of the inside of the flesh, but they don't usually consume an entire melon.
What kind of animals eat watermelon?
Here are 15 animals who really, really love snacking on some watermelon.
How do you keep coyotes away from watermelons?
Over the years, the only deterrent we have found that works is putting a tomato cage over the watermelons as they start to grow. The coyotes have yet to figure out how to move the cages and the melons can't be pulled through the wire. We manage to save a few watermelons each year using this method.
Will vinegar keep raccoons away?
Here are some tips on raccoon control to prevent them from identifying your home as a place to nest or frequently visit. Raccoons hate the smell of apple cider vinegar (and so do some humans!). Soak a cloth in apple cider vinegar and place it in an aerated container near the den. The smell will deter them!
How do you take care of watermelon plants?
While melon plants are growing, blooming, and setting fruit, they need 1 to 2 inches of water per week. Keep soil moist, but not waterlogged. Water at the vine's base in the morning, and try to avoid wetting the leaves and avoid overhead watering. Reduce watering once fruit are growing.
Do watermelons need pesticides?
Watermelon has some of the least amount of pesticides when compared to other fruits. They also contain a surprising health benefit; consuming watermelon may help relieve muscle soreness.
How often should I water watermelon?
They require plentiful regular, even watering for quick growing. Give watermelons 1 to 2 inches (2.5. -5cm) of water every week (1 inch equals 16 gallons/60.5 liters.) Keep the soil moist until the fruit reaches full size then stop watering while the fruit ripens.
How often should I fertilize my watermelons?
When should I fertilize watermelon? Start fertilizing right after transplanting. Melons do best when treated with small amounts of fertilizer in two or three applications. During the growing season, liquid (soluble) fertilizers may be applied every 2 weeks and granular fertilizers about every 6 to 8 weeks.
How many watermelons will one seed produce?
Unlike most crops, watermelons grow on vines that grow out of the initial sprout and can grow to be six metres long. The number of vines determines how many watermelons there are per plant as each vine can produce between two to four melons during the growing season.
Why do my watermelons stay small?
Root damage – Stunted watermelon growth might be the result of damage occurring during transplanting. You may have damaged the roots irreparably and they just can't take sufficient nutrients up to support further growth. Cultivating around the plant can also damage roots, which can affect fruit size.
How do you get rid of melon worms?
Spraying Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) or Steinernema carpocapsae, a beneficial nematode is a great solution according to a vegetable crop specialist at the University of Florida. To control an infestation, spray Bt or beneficial nematodes in the early evening on susceptible plants.
How do I get rid of aphids on my melons?
Commercial horticultural oil can also be used. White oil, soap and horticultural oil sprays work by blocking the breathing holes of insects causing suffocation and death. Spray the undersides of leaves; the oils must contact the insects. A second application of soap or oils may be necessary after 3-4 weeks.
How do you add calcium to watermelon plants?
Another way to increase the soil's calcium level is by adding a slow-release fertilizer such as bone meal. Bone Meal is rich in calcium and phosphorus but takes time to break down and slowly releases the nutrients into the soil. As a result, your plants get a steady supply of calcium over time.
How do you prevent blossom end rot on watermelon?
Blossom end rot in melons can be deterred by planting melons in well-draining soil to encourage a deep and large root system that will take up more calcium. Mulch around plants to help hold moisture.