Picking Your Orchid
Table of Contents
How do I pick a potted orchid?
When growing orchids in containers, be sure to select pots with 4 to 12 drainage holes. Most orchids do prefer shallower squat pots, as their roots don't like all the moisture retained in deep pots and they just don't need the depth anyway as their roots spread out, not down.
When should I pick my orchids?
Picking Your Orchid:
Healthy glow. Look for a plant with firm, bright green leaves. Check that roots that are not brown or shriveled. The right temperature.
What part of the orchid do you cut?
For healthy, green spikes: Find a node under the lowest flower bloom. Trim 1 inch above that node. For unhealthy, brown spikes: Cut all the way back to the base of the plant. For double-spike orchids: Cut one spike at the base of the plant.
Do orchids outgrow their pots?
Cut back any rotted or dead roots and follow the repotting instructions below. Moth orchids can outgrow their pots in about a year's time as their wandering roots reach outside and above the edge of the containers. Mature plants usually flower from late winter into spring and their blossoms can last for several months.
How often should I water my orchid?
While each growing environment is unique, and watering habits vary from person to person, it is generally a good idea to water about once per 7-10 days, when the mix gets dry. Too much watering leads to root rot, crown rot and other over watering problems like fungus gnat infestations.
Do you cut off dead orchid stems?
Cutting Off Dead Stems
Cut the stem all the way down to the base of the plant. This is the best way to encourage the plant to focus on growing healthier roots and encourage a full bloom in the next year. The healthier the root system is, the happier your orchid is going to be.
Do you cut the stems of orchids after they bloom?
Stems that are healthy on Phalaneopsis orchids after blooming can be cut back to the second or third node. These might actually produce a bloom from the growth node. Removing only part of the stem is a part of orchid care after blooms drop recommended by collectors and growers.
How do you cut orchids back after they bloom?
What do I do when all the flowers fall off my orchid?
After the flowers drop from the orchid you have three choices: leave the flower spike (or stem) intact, cut it back to a node, or remove it entirely. Remove the flower spike entirely by clipping it off at the base of the plant. This is definitely the route to take if the existing stem starts to turn brown or yellow.
How do you cut an orchid stem to rebloom?
Will orchids Rebloom on the same stem?
Let's talk about the Phalaenopsis orchid or moth orchid, the one you likely got from the grocery store. This is the only orchid that will rebloom on the same stalk. All other orchids will bloom again, but not from the same stalk. All other orchids can be trimmed at the base of the flower stalk.
How long does it take for an orchid to rebloom?
It may seem like your plant is dead at first, but it is not. This dormancy stage is a resting period where the plant has time to replace nutrients that were dispensed during the blooming process. This dormancy stage usually lasts about six to nine months. After that, your orchid will have the energy to rebloom again.
Do orchids like big or small pots?
Most orchids require a 4, 5 or 6 inch pot. There are seedlings and miniatures that require smaller pots, older specimen plants and some genera (Cymbidium, Phaius, large Cattleya) that often require 8 inch pots or bigger but the majority of orchids sold in groceries, box stores, florists and the like are not these.
How long does a potted orchid live?
In the wild, orchids are able to live about 20 years, depending on the type of orchid and the environment. Potted orchids do not have quite the same life span, but with proper care, it is not usual for orchids to live for between 10 to 15 years. There are some reports of orchids living for significantly longer.
Should you repot orchids when you buy them from the store?
A good rule of thumb is to repot a new orchid as soon as practical after it is purchased. Usually this means when it goes out of bloom. Orchids need to be repotted before their media breaks down and smothers the roots.
How long do orchids live for?
Though the exact length of an orchid's life depends on its species, most orchids typically have a long life span. Some reports estimate orchids can live up to 100 years in the wild, though a life span of 20-25 years is more typical for orchids grown in a traditional home or greenhouse environment.
Should you mist orchids?
Misting gives the orchid more humidity but does not create a soggy root environment. It is best to put your orchid where it will receive medium indirect sunlight. It will grow best in a window that is facing the west but even a lightly shaded southern window will work.
Can you water orchids with tap water?
When watering an orchid plant, softened water should not be used. Softened water contains salts that may damage the plant. Most chlorinated tap water can be used as long as the chlorine isn't excessive; however, watering orchids with collected rain or distilled water from the store is best.
What does a new flower spike on an orchid look like?
How do I grow a new spike in my orchid?
To get a new orchid flower spike, place the plant in an area with a lower room temp — about 55–65°F at night should do it. Placing your orchid in a window away from the heater might work, too. We've had best success getting new flower spikes in winter, when our homes and their windows aren't as warm.
How long does it take an orchid to grow a new stem?
How long does it take a new orchid spike to grow? If you notice a spike forming, it helps to be patient, as this fixture on your orchid can take around three months to grow. For healthy spikes, you'll want to have a healthy orchid in the first place.
What is a node on an orchid plant?
An orchid node is a triangular growth nodule, forming an elevated budge on the flower spike where new growth can occur. New stems, buds, or flower spikes may develop from older orchid nodes. Not all orchid nodes are productive, and in fact, most are dormant.
What if I cut my orchid stem too short?
Cut the stem all the way to the bottom if it dies after cutting above a node. This does happen, but after you cut the stem all the way back the plant should produce another shoot from its base. Be patient, as it can take several months to see this new growth.
Why is my orchid growing leaves instead of flowers?
If your Phalaenopsis orchid starts sprouting leaves instead of a flower at the end of its spike, congratulations! Your orchid is about to become a new mom! Such leafy growths are called “keikis,” the Hawaiian word for “baby,” and are actually baby orchids that can be cut from the stalk and planted to create new plants.
What time of year do orchids bloom?
Most orchids grow during the summer and bloom in the fall, winter or spring.